## Area and Perimeter

## Australian National curriculum learning map

- Use direct and indirect comparisons to decide which is longer, heavier or holds more, and explain reasoning in everyday language
- Measure and compare the lengths and capacities of pairs of objects using uniform informal units
- Compare and order several shapes and objects based on length, area, volume and capacity using appropriate uniform informal units
- Compare masses of objects using balance scales
- Measure, order and compare objects using familiar metric units of length, mass and capacity
- Use scaled instruments to measure and compare lengths, masses, capacities and temperatures
- Compare objects using familiar metric units of area and volume
- Choose appropriate units of measurement for length, area, volume, capacity and mass
- Calculate the perimeter and area of rectangles using familiar metric units
- Connect decimal representations to the metric system
- Convert between common metric units of length, mass and capacity
- Solve problems involving the comparison of lengths and areas using appropriate units
- Connect volume and capacity and their units of measurement Interpret and use timetables
- Establish the formulas for areas of rectangles, triangles and parallelograms and use these in problem solving
- Calculate volumes of rectangular prisms
- Choose appropriate units of measurement for area and volume and convert from one unit to another
- Find perimeters and areas of parallelograms, trapeziums, rhombuses and kites
- Investigate the relationship between features of circles such as circumference, area, radius and diameter.
- Use formulas to solve problems involving circumference and area
- Develop the formulas for volumes of rectangular and triangular prisms and prisms in general.
- Use formulas to solve problems involving volume
- Calculate the areas of composite shapes
- Calculate the surface area and volume of cylinders and solve related problems
- Solve problems involving the surface area and volume of right prisms
- Investigate very small and very large time scales and intervals
- Solve problems involving surface area and volume for a range of prisms, cylinders and composite solids
- Solve problems involving surface area and volume of right pyramids, right cones, spheres and related composite solids