Recall multiplication facts of two, three, five and ten and related division facts (ACMNA056)
LO:
To recall multiplication facts of 2, 3, 5 and 10.
Know:
 Addition facts
 How to add
 Basic multiplication facts
Understand:
 That multiplication facts can be used to quickly solve numerical problems.
Do:
 I can recall multiplication facts of 2, 3, 5 and 10.
Multiplication is Repeated Addition
Multiplication is just adding over and over again.
If you look at the picture, if I have 5 groups of 3 that’s the same as 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3, which means that I have 5 lots of 3. 5 x 3 = 15.
In this picture, I have 4 lots of 3 stars.
I can go 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12, or to make it easier and quicker I can go 3 x 4 = 12.
Multiplication as Groups Of
Multiplication can also be groups of.
I can group the flowers into groups of 3. I have 4 groups of 3 which means I have 12 flowers in total.
I can group the apples into groups of 5. I have 5 groups of 5 which means I have 25 apples in total.
2 Times Tables
2 times tables have some very interesting features.

They always make even numbers.

They always make patterns of 2.
3 Times Tables
3 times tables have some very interesting features.

They alternate between odd and even numbers.

If an odd number is multiplied by 3 the answer is always odd.

If an even number is multiplied by 3 the answer is always even.

They always make patterns of 3.
5 Times Tables
5 times tables have some very interesting features.

They alternate between odd and even numbers.

They always end in 5 or 0.

If an odd number is multiplied by 5 the answer is always odd and always ends in 5.

If an even number is multiplied by 5 the answer is always even and always ends in 0.

They always make patterns of 5.
10 Times Tables
10 times tables have some very interesting features and is probably the easiest to memorise.

They are always even numbers.

When multiplying any number by 10 all you have to do is add a 0 on the end of the original number.

They always make patterns of 10.