## Australian National curriculum learning map

• Use direct and indirect comparisons to decide which is longer, heavier or holds more, and explain reasoning in everyday language
• Measure and compare the lengths and capacities of pairs of objects using uniform informal units
• Compare and order several shapes and objects based on length, area, volume and capacity using appropriate uniform informal units
• Compare masses of objects using balance scales
• Measure, order and compare objects using familiar metric units of length, mass and capacity
• Use scaled instruments to measure and compare lengths, masses, capacities and temperatures
• Compare objects using familiar metric units of area and volume
• Choose appropriate units of measurement for length, area, volume, capacity and mass
• Calculate the perimeter and area of rectangles using familiar metric units
• Connect decimal representations to the metric system
• Convert between common metric units of length, mass and capacity
• Solve problems involving the comparison of lengths and areas using appropriate units
• Connect volume and capacity and their units of measurement Interpret and use timetables
• Establish the formulas for areas of rectangles, triangles and parallelograms and use these in problem solving
• Calculate volumes of rectangular prisms
• Choose appropriate units of measurement for area and volume and convert from one unit to another
• Find perimeters and areas of parallelograms, trapeziums, rhombuses and kites
• Investigate the relationship between features of circles such as circumference, area, radius and diameter.
• Use formulas to solve problems involving circumference and area
• Develop the formulas for volumes of rectangular and triangular prisms and prisms in general.
• Use formulas to solve problems involving volume
• Calculate the areas of composite shapes
• Calculate the surface area and volume of cylinders and solve related problems
• Solve problems involving the surface area and volume of right prisms
• Investigate very small and very large time scales and intervals
• Solve problems involving surface area and volume for a range of prisms, cylinders and composite solids
• Solve problems involving surface area and volume of right pyramids, right cones, spheres and related composite solids    